This estimation is based on the empirical rule that "generally, third parties do not take out and use registered seals." In addition, the presumption in the law is to "judge the event as a fact unless there is evidence to the contrary." In other words, unless there is evidence to the contrary such as ``the registered seal was stolen'' or ``the registered seal was shared with a third party'', it is judged that the signature/seal was made by the person himself/herself. This proves the authenticity of the contract and proves the validity of the contract. 2-3. Conditions under which “double presumption” is allowed in electronic contracts.
The concept of two-stage presumption is also valid for electronic contracts. Article 3 of the Electronic Signature Law clearly states that "when an electronic signature is made by the person himself/herself, it is presumed that it is genuinely established." However, in the case of an electronic signature, it must be ensn Cambodia phone number list aured that the signature was made by the person himself/herself. For example: Issuing an electronic certificate by a certificate authority. The contractor himself/herself manages the signature key Uses a password that only the person knows when giving an electronic signature.
In addition, in the case of the witness type, a third party, an electronic signature company, will give the signature, so there will be a contradiction with the text. Regarding this point, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry stipulates that ``if it is done based on the will of the person, it corresponds to an electronic signature by the person'', and according to the current interpretation, even an attendant-type electronic signature as evidence in litigation equivalent to [Note 1] [Note 1] Q&A on electronic contract services that perform encryption with the service provider's own signature key based on user instructions (Q&A on Article 3 of the Electronic Signature Act) | Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Related article: Thorough explanation of laws related to electronic contracts.